Home buying can be a confusing, convoluted process as it is one of the biggest financial decisions most people make in their lifetime. However, at Initiate Realty, we fell that it is much more manageable if you break it down into a 7-Step Home Buying Process.
Step 1: Determine Your Wants and Needs
One of the keys to making the home-buying process easier and more understandable is planning. In doing so, you will be able to anticipate requests from lenders, escrow and others involved in the transaction. Furthermore, planning will help to make the home buying process more efficient. Initially there are two primary questions that you must answer: “Do you have a general idea of the preferences and criteria for your next home?” and “Do you have a budget?” Answers to these questions will help effectively define your goals. These and many more questions can be quickly answered by a knowledgeable Real Estate Agent. See Step 2.
Step 2: Select a Real Estate Professional
More than 2 million people in the United States have real estate licenses. However, real estate is a tough business with a steep dropout rate, and the result is that only a small percentage of those with licenses actively work with buyers and sellers full time.
Buying and selling real estate is a complex matter. At first it might seem that by checking online sites you could quickly find the right home at the right price. But a basic rule in real estate is that all properties are unique. No two properties — even two identical models on the same street — are not precisely nor exactly alike.
Homes differ and so do contract terms, financing options, inspection requirements and closing costs. Also, no two transactions are alike. In this maze of forms, financing, inspections, marketing, pricing and negotiating, it makes sense to work with professionals who know and are experienced in the Coachella Valley. With over 60 years of experience, we can help guide you through your purchasing decision.
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Across the Coachella Valley there are dozens of real estate brokerages and real estate agents and brokers and the competition may be intimidating at first. Many buyers will interview several real estate professionals before selecting one with whom to work and this is a great opportunity to consider such essential qualities like training, experience, representation and professional certifications. Buyers should use all the resources that they have to select their real estate agent including referrals, the internet, testimonials and regional experience.
Step 3: Apply for loan pre-approval
“Pre-approval” means that you have met with a loan officer, your credit files have been reviewed and the loan officer believes that you can readily qualify for a given loan amount. The lender will then provide you with an approval letter which will display your buying power.
90% of all buyers finance their home, which means that virtually all buyers – especially first-time purchasers – require a loan.
We suggest that all home buyers begin the mortgage process long before bidding on a home because by meeting with lenders and looking at loan options, you will find which programs best meet your needs and how much you can afford.
Step 4: Shop for homes
The challenge becomes finding the property which best meets your needs. The housing market is complicated because the inventory of homes for sale in the Coachella Valley is always in flux. Lists of homes for sale become obsolete within seconds as homes are constantly being bought and sold. This moving target can be extremely difficult to navigate so it is best to shop for a home in partnership with your real estate agent.
A real estate agent will create a customized search on the local Multiple Listing Service (MLS) and can search for homes in your price range and preferred area. The online home search tools on our website is a great place to see what is available in the local market and this information coupled with your agent’s knowledge of the Coachella Valley, industry connections and knowledge of your needs will expedite the home buying process.
Step 5: Select a Home / Make an Offer
No aspect of the home buying process is more complex, personal or variable than negotiating between buyers and sellers. This is the point where the value of an experienced real estate agent is clearly evident because he or she knows the community, and the current market, has seen numerous homes for sale, knows local values and has spent years negotiating real estate transactions.
In practice, the offer depends on the basic laws of supply and demand: If many buyers are competing for homes, then sellers will likely get full-price and all cash offers and sometimes even more. If demand is weak, then offers below the asking price may be in order.
If you have chosen your Coachella Valley real estate professional wisely, this process will be straight forward and relatively pain-free as their experience and relationships work to your benefit.
Step 6: Inspections
A number of inspections are common in residential real estate transactions. They include pest inspections, home inspections, appraisals to determine value for lenders, title reviews and structural inspections. Please ask for a list of industry partners as necessary.
Title insurance: Purchased with a one-time fee at closing, title insurance protects owners in the event that title to the property is found to be invalid. Coverage includes “lenders” policies, which protect buyers up to the mortgage value of the property, and “owners” coverage, which protects owners up to the purchase price. In other words, “owners” coverage protects both the mortgage amount and the value of the down payment.
Homeowners’ insurance: Homeowner’s insurance provides fire, theft and liability coverage. Homeowners’ policies are required by lender.
Home Warranties: Home warranties for existing homes are typically one-year service agreements purchased by sellers. In the event of a covered defect or breakdown, the warranty firm will step in and make the repair or cover its cost.
Flood Insurance: Generally required in high-risk flood-prone areas of the Coachella Valley, this insurance is issued by the federal government and provides as much as $250,000 in coverage for a single-family home plus $100,000 for contents.
Step 7: Sign/Close
At closing, the buyers and sellers visit the local title office to sign separate paperwork. The buyer’s signing process is much lengthier than the sellers’ mainly when there is financing involved. All fees, transfer taxes, and documentation must be confirmed, and other claims must also be settled (including closing costs and adjustments). As a buyer you will have to do relatively little as much of the “legwork” will be handled by your real estate agent.
If you have any questions regarding any specific step in the process please contact us for more information.